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What are comprehension strategies?
Comprehension strategies are conscious actions deliberately employed, that effective readers use to make sense of text. Reading is not a passive activity. It requires the reader to activate their schema in order to make connections, ask questions, infer, visualise, determine importance and to summarise and synthesise information.
Comprehension strategy mastery is not the goal but a means to understanding of text. Comprehension strategy instruction has been shown to improve reading and increase students' understanding of a range of texts.
Teachers should not wait for students to be independent decoders before they teach comprehension strategies. Pictures, photographs, picture books and read-alouds can be used to explicitly teach the range of comprehension strategies.
Comprehension Strategy Classroom Resources
Gradual Release Planner (word format for editing)
Comprehension Strategies (interactive .pdf with websites and lesson plans)
Reading IS Thinking (links to Ron Ritchhardt's Understanding Map)
Levels of Questioning Oral Language (Carmel Crevola)
Questioning Prompts Oral Language (Carmel Crevola)
P-QAR (adaptation for pictures)
Questions to Extend Students (using all comprehension strategies)
Inferring Matters Consolidating an Understanding of Inferences (Virtual Tour)
Who Wears These Shoes? Inference Video
Reading Wallet Video for Making Inferences suitable for students
Infer and Visualise - a professional learning resource for PLC's
Determining Importance, Summarising and Synthesising
What’s the Big Idea? (understanding the author’s message – virtual tour)
Scaffolding Comprehension Strategies Using Graphic Organisers (includes other strategies)
Power Notes (differentiate between main ideas and details)
Cube Creator (an interactive cube creator that assists students to summarise and synthesise)
Determining Importance - a professional learning resource for PLC's
Summarise and Synthesise - a professional learning resource for PLC's