Debbie Draper Educational Consultant

What are comprehension strategies?

Comprehension strategies are conscious actions deliberately employed, that effective readers use to make sense of text. Reading is not a passive activity. It requires the reader to activate their schema in order to make connections, ask questions, infer, visualise, determine importance and to summarise and synthesise information.

Comprehension strategy mastery is not the goal but a means to understanding of text. Comprehension strategy instruction has been shown to improve reading and increase students' understanding of a range of texts.

Teachers should not wait for students to be independent decoders before they teach comprehension strategies. Pictures, photographs, picture books and read-alouds can be used to explicitly teach the range of comprehension strategies.

Comprehension Strategy Classroom Resources

Making Connections



Inference Booklet

On Target: Making Inferences

Barrett's Taxonomy

Barrett's Taxonomy - example "Fly Away Home"

Ten Major Types of Inference

Reading Rockets - Inference

Inferring Matters Consolidating an Understanding of Inferences (Virtual Tour)

Who Wears These Shoes? Inference Video

Reading Wallet Video for Making Inferences suitable for students

Infer and Visualise - a professional learning resource for PLC's


Determining Importance, Summarising and Synthesising